List of new Vista Command Line Utilities

Discussion in 'General Technical' started by Jason, May 28, 2007.

  1. Jason

    Jason

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    Feel free to add any I missed, I will be adding more as I discover them:

    Deployment tools:<UL><LI>BCDEdit:

    Boot Configuration Data (BCD) files provide a store that is used to describe boot applications and boot application settings. The objects and elements in the store effectively replace Boot.ini.

    BCDEdit is a command-line tool for managing BCD stores. It can be used for a variety of purposes, including creating new stores, modifying existing stores, adding boot menu options, and so on. BCDEdit serves essentially the same purpose as Bootcfg.exe on earlier versions of Windows, but with two major improvements:</LI><LI>

    Bootsect

    Bootsect.exe updates the master boot code for hard disk partitions to switch between BOOTMGR and NTLDR. You can use this tool to restore the boot sector on your computer. This tool replaces FixFAT and FixNTFS.</LI><LI>

    DiskPart

    DiskPart is a text-mode command interpreter in WindowsVista, Windows®XP, and the WindowsServer2003® family. This tool enables you to manage objects (disks, partitions, or volumes) by using scripts or direct input at a command prompt.</LI><LI>

    Drvload<DIV class=intro>

    The Drvload tool adds out-of-box drivers to a booted WindowsPE image. It takes one or more driver .inf files as inputs. To add a driver to an offline WindowsPE image, use the peimg tool.

    If the driver .inf file requires a reboot, WindowsPE will ignore the request. If the driver .sys file requires a reboot, then the driver cannot be added with Drvload.</DIV></LI><LI><DIV class=intro>

    Expand

    Expand.exe expands one or more compressed update files. Expand.exe supports opening updates for WindowsVista as well as previous versions of Windows. By using Expand, you can open and examine updates for WindowsVista on a WindowsXP or WindowsServer2003 operating system.</DIV></LI><LI><DIV class=intro>

    Intlcfg

    The International Settings Configuration Tool (Intlcfg.exe) is used to change the language and locale, fonts and input settings to a Windows image. Typically, you run intlcfg.exe after applying one or more language packs to your Windows image. </DIV></LI><LI><DIV class=intro>

    LPKsetup

    You can use Lpksetup to perform unattended or silent-mode language pack operations.</DIV></LI><LI><DIV class=intro>

    OSCdimg

    Oscdimg is a command-line tool for creating an image (.iso) file of a customized 32-bit or 64-bit version of WindowsPE. You can then burn that .iso file to a CD-ROM.</DIV></LI><LI><DIV class=intro>

    PEimg

    PEimg.exe is command-line tool for creating and modifying WindowsPE 2.0 images offline.</DIV></LI><LI><DIV class=intro>

    Powercfg

    You can use the Powercfg tool to control power settings and configure computers to default to Hibernate or Standby modes.</DIV></LI><LI><DIV class=intro>

    Winpeshl

    Winpeshl.ini controls whether a custom shell is loaded in WindowsPE instead of the default Command Prompt window. To load a custom shell, create a file named Winpeshl.ini and place it in %SYSTEMROOT%\System32 of your custom WindowsPE image. The .ini file must have the following section and entry.</DIV></LI>[/list]
     
    Jason, May 28, 2007
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  2. Jason

    VistaRocks

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    Networking tools.





    1. getmac – this tool will enable you to display the MAC addresses for network adapters on a system. The Media Access Control (MAC) address for the network card can be accessed both on the local computer and on a network.



    2. hostname – not sure about what the name of your machine is on the network? Just type hostname and hit enter.



    3. ipconfig – according to Microsoft's own description, the tool is designed to display by default only the IP address, subnet mask and gateway for each adapter associated with the TCP/IP. But in addition to enumerating the TCP/IP network configuration parameters users can also refresh the DHCP and DNS settings.



    4. nslookup – is meant to be used according to Domain Name System.



    5. net – is a general tool with commands covering a broad range of functionality.



    6. netstat – displays protocol statistics and TCP/IP network connections.



    7. netsh – the command-line tool enables Vista users to both view and alter the network configuration settings of computers.



    8. pathping – is a middle solution which bundles the functionality delivered by traceroute and ping.



    9. nbtstat – a tool that will display protocol statistics and current TCP/IP connections using NetBIOS over TCP/IP.



    10. Ping – a complete description of the ping utility can be found here.



    11. route – manipulates network routing tables.



    12. tracert – users can implement this command-line tool to identify connectivity problems between the local computer and a network address.



    When using command-line tools in Windows Vista it is healthy to remember to launch the command prompt window with administrative privileges. In order to do so, enter "cmd" in the Search box under the Vista Start Menu and press Ctrl + Shift + Enter to launch the process with elevated privileges.
     
    VistaRocks, Jun 1, 2007
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